Lakes, Rivers, Deltas and Groundwater

Water exists in many forms and plays a multitude of different roles in the on-going evolution of the planet. The totality of all water is known as the hydrosphere. Hydrology is the science of water.

Seas:

A new research programme to achieve an improved understanding of the Earth System for the Baltic Sea region

Massive amounts of fresh water, glacial melt pouring into Gulf of Alaska

Lakes:      

Lakes   -  USGS on lakes  -  10 largest lakes in the world    Taking stock of the world's lakes

UN global synopsis of lakes sciencs and transboundary management  (Analysis Report)

New lake surface temperature data base will help in the study of climate change

Turning climate change data into policy is no easy feat    Global warming harms lakes

After decades of clean-up attempts, world's lakes still suffer from phosphorous pollution

Human actvities trigger hypoxia in freshwaters around the globe

After it "died" once, will Dead Sea die again 

Subarctic lakes are drying up at a rate not seen for 200 years

Study corrects misconceptions of Great Lakes evaporation

Response of ice cover on shallow lakes of the North Slope of Alaska to contemporary climate conditions

Main Processes:      

Evaporation  -  Dissolution  -  Acidification    Erosion has a point and an edge     

River Systems, Catchment Basins, Deltas:    

Rivers  -   more on rivers  -   rivers from space  -  Tracking river flows from space

Extreme events in running waters

How do you reduce disaster risk in river deltas

Measuring protection of the world's rivers    

Groundwater: a hidden influence on river shape 

Mapping groundwater's influence on the world's oceans  

Global surface area of rivers and streams is 45% higher than previously thought

How do healthy rivers benefit society?    The mathematics of braided rivers   

Morphodynamics: rivers beyond steady state    The water is wider

How are river flow sediment pulses generated?    

Boulders limit transport of sand and gravel in steep rivers    

River sediments, a dynamic reserve of pollutants      

Cracking the problem of river growth    Rivers flow differently over gravel beds

Researchers introduce macrosystems approach to study stream ecology

Sudden shifts in the course of a river on a delta may be predicted

CO2 emissions change with size of streams and rivers

Study finds rivers and streams release more greenhouse gas than all lakes

Sediment trapped behind dams makes them 'hot spots' for greenhouse gas emissions

Spillways can divert sand from river to rebuild wetlands    

Restoring sedimentology of river deltas    Predicting the shape of river deltas

Chemical composition of suspended sediments in World Rivers: new insights from a new database

A hybrid model for river water temperature as a function of air temperature and discharge

Restored streams take 25 years or longer to recover    Scientists urge protection of world's deltas

World's large river deltas continue to degrade from human activity

Estuaries may face increased parasitism as sea levels rise

Dams destabilize river food webs: lessons from the Grand Canyon    Desert streams: deceptively simple

Rivers recover natural conditions quickly following dam removal

Methane fuels life in prsitine chalk rivers    

Impact of warming climate doesn't always translate to streamflow

Study finds stream temperatures don't parallel warming climate trend

Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity

UN: A global synopsis of river basin science and transboundary management   (Analysis Report)

How is the impact of climate change on river flow regimes related to the impact on mean annual runoff? A global-scale analysis

Technical analysis of a river basin-based model of advanced power plant cooling technologies for mitigating water management challenges

Science-based tools enhance waste catchment management

Undamming rivers

Regional: 

NASA Finds Russian Runoff Freshening Canadian Arctic    

Canada's Great Basin   The Mackenzie River Basin (Rosenberg International Forum)

Climate-driven shifts in sediment chemistry enhance methane production in northern lakes

NASA studies a rarity: growing Louisiana deltas

Modeling the Mississippi: LSU Researchers Study Methods to Use River Sediment to Repair the Coast
 
Underwater forest off the coast of Alabama      US River chart      Another US river chart

Colorado River: the American Nile    Colorado River delta greener after engineered pulse of water

Analysis of long-term ternds (1950-2009) in precipitation, runoff and runoff coefficient in major urban watersheds in the USA

Projected Evolution of California's San Francisco Bay-Delta-River System in a Century of Climate Change

Visualizing California's changing delta with Stanford and KQED

From drought to flooding: understanding the abrupt 2010–11 hydrological annual cycle in the Amazonas River and tributaries

Assessing the impacts of climate change on the River Nile

Adapting to climate-change induced water stress in the Nile Basin

The battle for water: Assessing the Nile's flow a tricky task for Egypt

Assessing land deformation and sea encroachment in the Nile Delta   

Africa: new urgency to rethink dam projectsAfrica: new urgency to rethink dam projects

River plumes near the Equator such as the Congo and the Amazon have major effects on oceans

CO2 emissions along the Lower Amazon River

Seasonality of the hydrological cycle in major South and Southeast Asia river basins as simulated by PCMDI/CMIP3 experiments

Humans have been changing Chinese environment for 3,000 years

Through flood and drought: reconstructing the Yellow River

Quantifying the impact of the Three Gorges Dam on the thermal dynamics of the Yangtze River

Integrating climate change into regional disaster risk management at the Mekong River Commission

China Hydropower Dams in Mekong River Give Shocks to 60 Million

Analysis of ALOS PALSAR InSAR data for mappinmg water level changes in Yellow River delta wetlands

Detection of the timing and duration of snowmelt in the Hindu Kush-Himalaya

Global surveys of reservoirs and lakes from satellites and regional application to the Syrdarya river basin  

Australian lake untouched by climate change   

Australia: Tropical Rivers and Coastal Knowledge (TRACK)

Assessing change in floodplain wetland condition in the Murray Darling Basin

The origins and future of Lake Eyre and the Murray-Darling Basin 

Greens threaten to pull plug on Murray-Darling Basin plan

Response of the Lower Ord River and estuary to changes to flow and sediment and nutrient loads  

Integrated river watch system for disaster risk reduction planned

USAID Mekong ARCC climate change impact and adaptation study 

Restoring Europe's Rivers website 

Room for rivers: risk reductions by enhancing the the flood conveyance capacity of Netherland's rivers  

Territorial cohesion and water management in Europe: the spatial perspective

Britain's urban rivers bounce back

Groundwater:

UN: a global synopsis of groundwater science and transboundary management    (Analysis Report)

Recent changes in land water storage and its contribution to sea level variations

How does groundwater pumping affect streamflow

Climate change effects on groundwater resources   

Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa    Ground Water Disappearing in China

Subterranean  -  hydrogeology  -  Yucutan cenotes

Artesian  -  Great Artesian Basin (Australia)  -  Aquifers  -   Hydrothermals

A century of hydrological variability and trends in the Fraser River Basin