Models

Mathematical models of the Earth System, the Solar System, and indeed the entire Cosmos are evolving rapidly, and are becoming more insighful, more accurate, and more complex as the fundamental natural processes are better understood. However, each model has its own strengths and weaknesses, depending on the choice of algorithms embedded therein, and the nature of the data necessary to initialize it. Models are often run 'backwards in time' to test their skill against historical records - that is, as a check of the models' accuracy to predict past scenarios. They are then ran 'forwards' to forecast future events. A discussion of various models and modeling issues is contained in the following material, sorted by category:

View details Models

Introductory items: Earth System Models (ESMs): iESM ESMF
CESM1.0 and CESM2.0 LOVECLIM E3SM COSMO
FGOALS2-s MIROC-ESM ACCESS Regional Earth System Models (RESMs)
Atmosphere~Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs): CMIP5 CMIP3 CMIP-6
CCM~CAM ECHAM5/MAECHAM5 MPI-OM CM2M, CM2G and CM3
GloSea4 HadCM3 HadGEM3 Family MIROC5
CCSM4.0 Global Circulation Models (GCMs): GEOS-5 MITgcm
SAMIL CPT FAMIL AEOLUS
GNAM Regional Circulation Models (RCMs): SHYFEM NRCMs
RegCM4 LDMZ DREAM PROTHEUS
CanRCM4 EVENT PRECIS CHRM
REMO HRM Atmosphere~Chemistry Models: SOCOL
WACCM Atmosphere-Dispersion Models: HAMMONIA WACCM4
TM CTIPe RCP4.5 MAGICC/SCENGEN
MOZART ACC2 Ocean Models: ECCO
NEMO WSA-ENLIL LIGHT MPAS-O
HOPS CMIT GFDL's MOM LANL's POP
ICOM NCAR's COM NLOM MICOM
GFDL's HIM POM UCLA's and Rutger's ROMS QUODDY (Dartmouth Uni)
SEOM (Rutgers) OceanAdapt FVCOM TOMS
HYCOM HOPE COCO LICOM 2.0
ACOM2 OSCURS GOTM Wave Models:
WAM SWAN WAVEWATCH III TOMAWAC
Tsunami Models: MOST TUNA ComMIT
Storm Surge Models: SELFE COMT COMT
CoSMoS Weather Models: SLIDER EC-Earth
ARPEGE PEARP EUROSIP ARPS
NCEP's NMM WRF MM5 COAMPS-TC
ADCIRC HRRR SLIMM REMO
ALADIN TAPOM FIM DePreSys
FV3 MPAS Turbulence & Wind Models: OpenFOAM
InVEST Hurricane Models Tornado Models Cloud Models:
NICAM Precipitation Models: SOGP STORM
Flood Modelling SWMM5/PCSWMM Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) NWM
HAND GFPLAIN250 Lake Models: TC-3D-GLARM
River Models Snow-Ice-Water Models: CROCUS VESL
PISM Avalanche Models RAMMS Glacier, Iceberg & Ice Sheet Models
GERM BISICLES CISM ISSM
Surface Loading Models: REAR ISSM Earthquake Models:
OpenGEM/OpenQUAKE QuakeSim GeoFEST VC
TEM TPM SPECFEM3D ALLCAL
ViscoSIM SCEC Earthquake Simulator Comparison project RSQSim Volcanic Models
Tectonic Plate Models GPLATES Mantle Models: SIGMELTS
IGMAS+ EGM2008 GOCE DEW
PREM ASPECT Core Models: Landscape Models:
ISBA SCOPE LitMod3D PFLOTRAN
GDEM LANDLAB TerrainWorks Land Surface Models:
ORCHIDEE Landslide Models: LHASA ReLWaM
Soils & Weathering Models WITCH Coastal / Estuary, River and Lake Models Delft3D
RAPID ASMITA MOSART Canopy Models:
SAIL PROSPECT MEND CLM
CABLE EcoPAD RSQsim GeoSAIL
Soil Models: KLUM Land Use & Land Cover Models: MAGPIE
EU FASOM MPT DRAINMOD-FOREST SALUS
APSIM GLOBIOM NOAH-MP INVEST
TOPMODEL ORCHIDEE BASEMENT CLM
CASA GloPEM The Madingley Model WildfFire Models:
AGNI-NAR PyroSim FDS-SMV BREEZE
FARSITE Hydrology Models: HYPROM WaSiM
HYDRUS tRIBS-ECO Ecological Models: EcH2O-iso
Environmental Models: MODISAzure NOAA's NEM EMIS
LandSHIFT HABITAT i-Tree IDRISI
Biological Models Wildlife Models: Urban & City Models: RESILIENCE.IO
LandSIM3D ETEM LEAQ SEES
IGSM Farming Models: farmOS Fracking Models:
Integrated Assessment Models: eSACP CHIMP FUND
GLOBIO GISMO FAIR HYDE
IMAGE Agent Based Modelling MASON PHOENIX
SRTM AUDREY Disaster Risk Models PDEVS
SMART Wildfire Models Structural Damage Models: ISSM
Ice Sheet Models ISSM Arctic Regional Models: RASM
Economic Models: WEFM Conflict Models: NaReCo
Policy Models: GPM PICADOR Fusion energy models
Energy System Models: FASTSim Solar Weather Models: Deep Solar
CORSIKA CoREAS DREAM3D LMMP
Cosmological Models: Gaia Sky Milky Way galaxy map CGRPH
AREPO BOLSHOI ENZO 2.0 WSA-Enlil
FIRE EAGLE FADO Cosmic Ray models
PARMA/EXPACS Instrument Signal Simulation Models: PSG COSP
GADGET-2 CRTM SDSU CFMIP-OBS
PhAst FIBSEM Analysis Tools: PYUNICORN
CASCADE MODELLING OF OTHER PLANETS Mars General Circulation Models