Models

Mathematical models of the Earth System, the Solar System, and indeed the entire Cosmos are evolving rapidly, and are becoming more insighful, more accurate, and more complex as the fundamental natural processes are better understood. However, each model has its own strengths and weaknesses, depending on the choice of algorithms embedded therein, and the nature of the data necessary to initialize it. Models are often run 'backwards in time' to test their skill against historical records - that is, as a check of the models' accuracy to predict past scenarios. They are then ran 'forwards' to forecast future events. A discussion of various models and modeling issues is contained in the following material, sorted by category:

View details Models

Introductory items: Earth System Models (ESMs): iESM ESMF
CESM1.0 LOVECLIM COSMO FGOALS2-s
MIROC-ESM ACCESS Atmosphere~Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs): CMIP5
CMIP3 CMIP-6 CCM~CAM ECHAM5/MAECHAM5
MPI-OM CM2M, CM2G and CM3 GloSea4 HadCM3
HadGEM3 Family MIROC5 CCSM4.0 Global Circulation Models (GCMs):
GEOS-5 MITgcm SAMIL CPT
FAMIL GNAM Regional Circulation Models (RCMs): SHYFEM
NRCMs RegCM4 LDMZ DREAM
PROTHEUS CanRCM4 EVENT PRECIS
CHRM REMO HRM Atmosphere~Chemistry Models:
SOCOL WACCM Atmosphere-Dispersion Models: HAMMONIA
WACCM4 TM CTIPe RCP4.5
MAGICC/SCENGEN MOZART ACC2 Ocean Models:
ECCO NEMO WSA-ENLIL LIGHT
MPAS-O HOPS CMIT GFDL's MOM
LANL's POP ICOM NCAR's COM NLOM
MICOM GFDL's HIM POM UCLA's and Rutger's ROMS
QUODDY (Dartmouth Uni) SEOM (Rutgers) OceanAdapt FVCOM
TOMS HYCOM HOPE COCO
LICOM 2.0 ACOM2 OSCURS GOTM
Wave Models: WAM SWAN WAVEWATCH III
TOMAWAC Tsunami Models: MOST TUNA
ComMIT Storm Surge Models: SELFE COMT
COMT Weather Models: EC-Earth ARPEGE
PEARP EUROSIP ARPS NCEP's NMM
WRF MM5 COAMPS-TC ADCIRC
HRRR SLIMM REMO ALADIN
TAPOM FIM DePreSys FV3
MPAS Turbulence & Wind Models: OpenFOAM InVEST
Hurricane Models Tornado Models Cloud Models: NICAM
Precipitation Models: SOGP STORM Flood Modelling
SWMM5/PCSWMM Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) NWM HAND
Lake Models: TC-3D-GLARM River Models Snow-Ice Models:
CROCUS PISM Glacier, Iceberg & Ice Sheet Models GERM
Surface Loading Models: REAR Earthquake Models: OpenGEM/OpenQUAKE
QuakeSim GeoFEST VC TEM
TPM SPECFEM3D ALLCAL ViscoSIM
SCEC Earthquake Simulator Comparison project Volcanic Models Mantle Models: IGMAS+
EGM2008 GOCE DEW PREM
Core Models: Landscape Models: ISBA SCOPE
LitMod3D PFLOTRAN GDEM LANDLAB
TerrainWorks Coastal / Estuary, River and Lake Models Delft3D RAPID
ASMITA MOSART Canopy Models: SAIL
PROSPECT MEND CLM CABLE
EcoPAD RSQsim GeoSAIL Soil Models:
KLUM Land Use & Land Cover Models: MAGPIE EU FASOM
MPT DRAINMOD-FOREST SALUS APSIM
GLOBIOM NOAH-MP INVEST TOPMODEL
ORCHIDEE BASEMENT CLM CASA
GloPEM The Madingley Model Fire Models: PyroSim
FDS-SMV BREEZE FARSITE Hydrology Models:
HYPROM WaSiM HYDRUS tRIBS-ECO
Ecological Models: Environmental Models: MODISAzure NOAA's NEM
EMIS LandSHIFT HABITAT i-Tree
IDRISI Wildlife Models: Urban & City Models: RESILIENCE.IO
LandSIM3D ETEM LEAQ SEES
IGSM Integrated Assessment Models: CHIMP FUND
GLOBIO GISMO FAIR HYDE
IMAGE Agent Based Modelling MASON PHOENIX
SRTM AUDREY Disaster Risk Models PDEVS
Structural Damage Models: ISSM Ice Sheet Models Arctic Regional Models:
RASM Economic Models: WEFM Conflict Models:
NaReCo Policy Models: GPM Energy Models:
Solar Weather Models: CORSIKA CoREAS DREAM3D
LMMP Cosmological Models: CGRPH AREPO
BOLSHOI ENZO 2.0 WSA-Enlil FIRE
EAGLE FADO Cosmic Ray models PARMA/EXPACS
Instrument Signal Simulation Models: PSG COSP GADGET-2
CRTM SDSU CFMIP-OBS PhAst
FIBSEM Analysis Tools: PYUNICORN CASCADE