Models

Mathematical models of the Earth System, the Solar System, and indeed the entire Cosmos are evolving rapidly, and are becoming more insighful, more accurate, and more complex as the fundamental natural processes are better understood. However, each model has its own strengths and weaknesses, depending on the choice of algorithms embedded therein, and the nature of the data necessary to initialize it. Models are often run 'backwards in time' to test their skill against historical records - that is, as a check of the models' accuracy to predict past scenarios. They are then ran 'forwards' to forecast future events. A discussion of various models and modeling issues is contained in the following material, sorted by category:

View details Models

Introductory items: Earth System Models (ESMs): iESM ESMF
CESM1.0 LOVECLIM COSMOS FGOALS2-s
MIROC-ESM ACCESS Atmosphere~Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs): CMIP5
CMIP3 CMIP-6 CCM~CAM ECHAM5/MAECHAM5
MPI-OM CM2M, CM2G and CM3 GloSea4 HadCM3
HadGEM3 Family MIROC5 CCSM4.0 Global Circulation Models (GCMs):
GEOS-5 MITgcm SAMIL CPT
FAMIL GNAM Regional Circulation Models (RCMs): SHYFEM
NRCMs RegCM4 LDMZ DREAM
PROTHEUS CanRCM4 EVENT PRECIS
CHRM REMO HRM Atmosphere~Chemistry Models:
SOCOL WACCM Atmosphere-Dispersion Models: HAMMONIA
WACCM4 TM CTIPe RCP4.5
MAGICC/SCENGEN MOZART ACC2 Ocean Models:
ECCO NEMO WSA-ENLIL LIGHT
MPAS-O HOPS CMIT GFDL's MOM
LANL's POP ICOM NCAR's COM NLOM
MICOM GFDL's HIM POM UCLA's and Rutger's ROMS
QUODDY (Dartmouth Uni) SEOM (Rutgers) OceanAdapt FVCOM
TOMS HYCOM HOPE COCO
LICOM 2.0 ACOM2 OSCURS GOTM
Wave Models: WAM SWAN WAVEWATCH III
TOMAWAC Tsunami Models: MOST TUNA
ComMIT Storm Surge Models: SELFE COMT
COMT Weather Models: EC-Earth ARPEGE
PEARP EUROSIP ARPS NCEP's NMM
WRF MM5 COAMPS-TC ADCIRC
HRRR SLIMM REMO ALADIN
TAPOM FIM DePreSys FV3
MPAS Turbulence & Wind Models: OpenFOAM InVEST
Hurricane Models Tornado Models Cloud Models: NICAM
Precipitation Models: SOGP Flood Modelling SWMM5/PCSWMM
Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) NWM HAND Lake Models:
TC-3D-GLARM River Models Snow-Ice Models: CROCUS
PISM Glacier, Iceberg & Ice Sheet Models GERM Surface Loading Models:
REAR Earthquake Models: OpenGEM/OpenQUAKE QuakeSim
GeoFEST VC TEM TPM
SPECFEM3D ALLCAL ViscoSIM SCEC Earthquake Simulator Comparison project
Volcanic Models Mantle Models: IGMAS+ EGM2008
GOCE DEW PREM Core Models:
Landscape Models: ISBA SCOPE LitMod3D
PFLOTRAN GDEM LANDLAB TerrainWorks
Coastal / Estuary, River and Lake Models Delft3D RAPID ASMITA
MOSART Canopy Models: SAIL PROSPECT
MEND CLM CABLE EcoPAD
RSQsim GeoSAIL Soil Models: KLUM
Land Use & Land Cover Models: MAGPIE EU FASOM MPT
DRAINMOD-FOREST SALUS APSIM GLOBIOM
NOAH-MP INVEST TOPMODEL ORCHIDEE
BASEMENT CLM CASA GloPEM
The Madingley Model Fire Models: PyroSim FDS-SMV
BREEZE FARSITE Hydrology Models: HYPROM
WaSiM HYDRUS tRIBS-ECO Ecological Models:
Environmental Models: MODISAzure NOAA's NEM EMIS
LandSHIFT HABITAT i-Tree IDRISI
Wildlife Models: Urban & City Models: RESILIENCE.IO LandSIM3D
ETEM LEAQ SEES IGSM
Integrated Assessment Models: CHIMP FUND GLOBIO
GISMO FAIR HYDE IMAGE
Agent Based Modelling MASON PHOENIX SRTM
AUDREY Disaster Risk Models PDEVS Structural Damage Models:
Arctic Regional Models: RASM Economic Models: WEFM
Conflict Models: NaReCo Policy Models: GPM
Energy Models: Solar Weather Models: CORSIKA CoREAS
DREAM3D LMMP Cosmological Models: CGRPH
AREPO BOLSHOI ENZO 2.0 WSA-Enlil
FIRE EAGLE FADO Instrument Signal Simulation Models:
PSG COSP GADGET-2 CRTM
SDSU CFMIP-OBS PhAst FIBSEM
Analysis Tools: PYUNICORN CASCADE