Models

Mathematical models of the Earth System, the Solar System, and indeed the entire Cosmos are evolving rapidly, and are becoming more insighful, more accurate, and more complex as the fundamental natural processes are better understood. However, each model has its own strengths and weaknesses, depending on the choice of algorithms embedded therein, and the nature of the data necessary to initialize it. Models are often run 'backwards in time' to test their skill against historical records - that is, as a check of the models' accuracy to predict past scenarios. They are then ran 'forwards' to forecast future events. A discussion of various models and modeling issues is contained in the following material, sorted by category:

View details Models

Introductory items: Earth System Models (ESMs): iESM ESMF
CESM1.0 LOVECLIM COSMO FGOALS2-s
MIROC-ESM ACCESS Atmosphere~Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs): CMIP5
CMIP3 CMIP-6 CCM~CAM ECHAM5/MAECHAM5
MPI-OM CM2M, CM2G and CM3 GloSea4 HadCM3
HadGEM3 Family MIROC5 CCSM4.0 Global Circulation Models (GCMs):
GEOS-5 MITgcm SAMIL CPT
FAMIL GNAM Regional Circulation Models (RCMs): SHYFEM
NRCMs RegCM4 LDMZ DREAM
PROTHEUS CanRCM4 EVENT PRECIS
CHRM REMO HRM Atmosphere~Chemistry Models:
SOCOL WACCM Atmosphere-Dispersion Models: HAMMONIA
WACCM4 TM CTIPe RCP4.5
MAGICC/SCENGEN MOZART ACC2 Ocean Models:
ECCO NEMO WSA-ENLIL LIGHT
MPAS-O HOPS CMIT GFDL's MOM
LANL's POP ICOM NCAR's COM NLOM
MICOM GFDL's HIM POM UCLA's and Rutger's ROMS
QUODDY (Dartmouth Uni) SEOM (Rutgers) OceanAdapt FVCOM
TOMS HYCOM HOPE COCO
LICOM 2.0 ACOM2 OSCURS GOTM
Wave Models: WAM SWAN WAVEWATCH III
TOMAWAC Tsunami Models: MOST TUNA
ComMIT Storm Surge Models: SELFE COMT
COMT Weather Models: EC-Earth ARPEGE
PEARP EUROSIP ARPS NCEP's NMM
WRF MM5 COAMPS-TC ADCIRC
HRRR SLIMM REMO ALADIN
TAPOM FIM DePreSys FV3
MPAS Turbulence & Wind Models: OpenFOAM InVEST
Hurricane Models Tornado Models Cloud Models: NICAM
Precipitation Models: SOGP STORM Flood Modelling
SWMM5/PCSWMM Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) NWM HAND
Lake Models: TC-3D-GLARM River Models Snow-Ice Models:
CROCUS PISM Avalanche Models RAMMS
Glacier, Iceberg & Ice Sheet Models GERM Surface Loading Models: REAR
Earthquake Models: OpenGEM/OpenQUAKE QuakeSim GeoFEST
VC TEM TPM SPECFEM3D
ALLCAL ViscoSIM SCEC Earthquake Simulator Comparison project Volcanic Models
Mantle Models: IGMAS+ EGM2008 GOCE
DEW PREM Core Models: Landscape Models:
ISBA SCOPE LitMod3D PFLOTRAN
GDEM LANDLAB TerrainWorks Coastal / Estuary, River and Lake Models
Delft3D RAPID ASMITA MOSART
Canopy Models: SAIL PROSPECT MEND
CLM CABLE EcoPAD RSQsim
GeoSAIL Soil Models: KLUM Land Use & Land Cover Models:
MAGPIE EU FASOM MPT DRAINMOD-FOREST
SALUS APSIM GLOBIOM NOAH-MP
INVEST TOPMODEL ORCHIDEE BASEMENT
CLM CASA GloPEM The Madingley Model
Fire Models: PyroSim FDS-SMV BREEZE
FARSITE Hydrology Models: HYPROM WaSiM
HYDRUS tRIBS-ECO Ecological Models: Environmental Models:
MODISAzure NOAA's NEM EMIS LandSHIFT
HABITAT i-Tree IDRISI Wildlife Models:
Urban & City Models: RESILIENCE.IO LandSIM3D ETEM
LEAQ SEES IGSM Integrated Assessment Models:
CHIMP FUND GLOBIO GISMO
FAIR HYDE IMAGE Agent Based Modelling
MASON PHOENIX SRTM AUDREY
Disaster Risk Models PDEVS Structural Damage Models: ISSM
Ice Sheet Models ISSM Arctic Regional Models: RASM
Economic Models: WEFM Conflict Models: NaReCo
Policy Models: GPM Energy Models: Solar Weather Models:
CORSIKA CoREAS DREAM3D LMMP
Cosmological Models: CGRPH AREPO BOLSHOI
ENZO 2.0 WSA-Enlil FIRE EAGLE
FADO Cosmic Ray models PARMA/EXPACS Instrument Signal Simulation Models:
PSG COSP GADGET-2 CRTM
SDSU CFMIP-OBS PhAst FIBSEM
Analysis Tools: PYUNICORN CASCADE