Models

Mathematical models of the Earth System, the Solar System, and indeed the entire Cosmos are evolving rapidly, and are becoming more insighful, more accurate, and more complex as the fundamental natural processes are better understood. However, each model has its own strengths and weaknesses, depending on the choice of algorithms embedded therein, and the nature of the data necessary to initialize it. Models are often run 'backwards in time' to test their skill against historical records - that is, as a check of the models' accuracy to predict past scenarios. They are then ran 'forwards' to forecast future events. A discussion of various models and modeling issues is contained in the following material, sorted by category:

View details Models

Introductory items: Earth System Models (ESMs): iESM ESMF
CESM1.0 LOVECLIM COSMO FGOALS2-s
MIROC-ESM ACCESS Atmosphere~Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs): CMIP5
CMIP3 CMIP-6 CCM~CAM ECHAM5/MAECHAM5
MPI-OM CM2M, CM2G and CM3 GloSea4 HadCM3
HadGEM3 Family MIROC5 CCSM4.0 Global Circulation Models (GCMs):
GEOS-5 MITgcm SAMIL CPT
FAMIL AEOLUS GNAM Regional Circulation Models (RCMs):
SHYFEM NRCMs RegCM4 LDMZ
DREAM PROTHEUS CanRCM4 EVENT
PRECIS CHRM REMO HRM
Atmosphere~Chemistry Models: SOCOL WACCM Atmosphere-Dispersion Models:
HAMMONIA WACCM4 TM CTIPe
RCP4.5 MAGICC/SCENGEN MOZART ACC2
Ocean Models: ECCO NEMO WSA-ENLIL
LIGHT MPAS-O HOPS CMIT
GFDL's MOM LANL's POP ICOM NCAR's COM
NLOM MICOM GFDL's HIM POM
UCLA's and Rutger's ROMS QUODDY (Dartmouth Uni) SEOM (Rutgers) OceanAdapt
FVCOM TOMS HYCOM HOPE
COCO LICOM 2.0 ACOM2 OSCURS
GOTM Wave Models: WAM SWAN
WAVEWATCH III TOMAWAC Tsunami Models: MOST
TUNA ComMIT Storm Surge Models: SELFE
COMT COMT Weather Models: EC-Earth
ARPEGE PEARP EUROSIP ARPS
NCEP's NMM WRF MM5 COAMPS-TC
ADCIRC HRRR SLIMM REMO
ALADIN TAPOM FIM DePreSys
FV3 MPAS Turbulence & Wind Models: OpenFOAM
InVEST Hurricane Models Tornado Models Cloud Models:
NICAM Precipitation Models: SOGP STORM
Flood Modelling SWMM5/PCSWMM Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) NWM
HAND Lake Models: TC-3D-GLARM River Models
Snow-Ice Models: CROCUS PISM Avalanche Models
RAMMS Glacier, Iceberg & Ice Sheet Models GERM Surface Loading Models:
REAR Earthquake Models: OpenGEM/OpenQUAKE QuakeSim
GeoFEST VC TEM TPM
SPECFEM3D ALLCAL ViscoSIM SCEC Earthquake Simulator Comparison project
Volcanic Models Mantle Models: IGMAS+ EGM2008
GOCE DEW PREM Core Models:
Landscape Models: ISBA SCOPE LitMod3D
PFLOTRAN GDEM LANDLAB TerrainWorks
Landslide Models: LHASA Coastal / Estuary, River and Lake Models Delft3D
RAPID ASMITA MOSART Canopy Models:
SAIL PROSPECT MEND CLM
CABLE EcoPAD RSQsim GeoSAIL
Soil Models: KLUM Land Use & Land Cover Models: MAGPIE
EU FASOM MPT DRAINMOD-FOREST SALUS
APSIM GLOBIOM NOAH-MP INVEST
TOPMODEL ORCHIDEE BASEMENT CLM
CASA GloPEM The Madingley Model Fire Models:
PyroSim FDS-SMV BREEZE FARSITE
Hydrology Models: HYPROM WaSiM HYDRUS
tRIBS-ECO Ecological Models: Environmental Models: MODISAzure
NOAA's NEM EMIS LandSHIFT HABITAT
i-Tree IDRISI Wildlife Models: Urban & City Models:
RESILIENCE.IO LandSIM3D ETEM LEAQ
SEES IGSM Integrated Assessment Models: CHIMP
FUND GLOBIO GISMO FAIR
HYDE IMAGE Agent Based Modelling MASON
PHOENIX SRTM AUDREY Disaster Risk Models
PDEVS Structural Damage Models: ISSM Ice Sheet Models
ISSM Arctic Regional Models: RASM Economic Models:
WEFM Conflict Models: NaReCo Policy Models:
GPM PICADOR Fusion energy models Energy Models:
Solar Weather Models: CORSIKA CoREAS DREAM3D
LMMP Cosmological Models: CGRPH AREPO
BOLSHOI ENZO 2.0 WSA-Enlil FIRE
EAGLE FADO Cosmic Ray models PARMA/EXPACS
Instrument Signal Simulation Models: PSG COSP GADGET-2
CRTM SDSU CFMIP-OBS PhAst
FIBSEM Analysis Tools: PYUNICORN CASCADE