Models

Mathematical models of the Earth System, the Solar System, and indeed the entire Cosmos are evolving rapidly, and are becoming more insighful, more accurate, and more complex as the fundamental natural processes are better understood. However, each model has its own strengths and weaknesses, depending on the choice of algorithms embedded therein, and the nature of the data necessary to initialize it. Models are often run 'backwards in time' to test their skill against historical records - that is, as a check of the models' accuracy to predict past scenarios. They are then ran 'forwards' to forecast future events. A discussion of various models and modeling issues is contained in the following material, sorted by category:

View details Models

Introductory items: Earth System Models (ESMs): CESM1.0 ESMF
LOVECLIM COSMOS FGOALS2-s MIROC-ESM
ACCESS Atmosphere~Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs): CMIP5 CMIP3
CMIP-6 CCM~CAM ECHAM5/MAECHAM5 MPI-OM
CM2M, CM2G and CM3 GloSea4 HadCM3 HadGEM3 Family
MIROC5 CCSM4.0 Global Circulation Models (GCMs): GEOS-5
MITgcm SAMIL CPT FAMIL
GNAM Regional Circulation Models (RCMs): SHYFEM NRCMs
RegCM4 LDMZ DREAM PROTHEUS
CanRCM4 EVENT PRECIS CHRM
REMO HRM Atmosphere~Chemistry Models: SOCOL
WACCM Atmosphere-Dispersion Models: HAMMONIA WACCM4
TM CTIPe RCP4.5 MAGICC/SCENGEN
MOZART ACC2 Ocean Models: ECCO
NEMO WSA-ENLIL LIGHT MPAS-O
HOPS CMIT GFDL's MOM LANL's POP
ICOM NCAR's COM NLOM MICOM
GFDL's HIM POM UCLA's and Rutger's ROMS QUODDY (Dartmouth Uni)
SEOM (Rutgers) OceanAdapt FVCOM TOMS
HYCOM HOPE COCO LICOM 2.0
ACOM2 OSCURS GOTM Wave Models:
WAM SWAN WAVEWATCH III TOMAWAC
Tsunami Models: MOST TUNA ComMIT
Storm Surge Models: SELFE Weather Models: EC-Earth
ARPEGE PEARP EUROSIP ARPS
NCEP's NMM WRF MM5 COAMPS-TC
ADCIRC HRRR SLIMM REMO
ALADIN TAPOM FIM DePreSys
FV3 MPAS Turbulence & Wind Models: OpenFOAM
InVEST Hurricane Models Tornado Models Cloud Models:
NICAM Precipitation Models: SOGP Flood Modelling
SWMM5/PCSWMM Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) NWM HAND
Lake Models: TC-3D-GLARM Snow-Ice Models: CROCUS
PISM Glacier & Ice Sheet Models GERM Surface Loading Models:
REAR Earthquake Models: OpenGEM/OpenQUAKE QuakeSim
GeoFEST VC TEM TPM
SPECFEM3D ALLCAL ViscoSIM SCEC Earthquake Simulator Comparison project
Volcanic Models Mantle Models: IGMAS+ EGM2008
GOCE DEW PREM Core Models:
Landscape Models: ISBA SCOPE LitMod3D
PFLOTRAN GDEM LANDLAB TerrainWorks
Coastal / Estuary, River and Lake Models Delft3D RAPID ASMITA
MOSART Canopy Models: SAIL PROSPECT
MEND CLM CABLE EcoPAD
RSQsim GeoSAIL Soil Models: KLUM
Land Use & Land Cover Models: MAGPIE EU FASOM MPT
DRAINMOD-FOREST SALUS APSIM GLOBIOM
NOAH-MP INVEST TOPMODEL ORCHIDEE
BASEMENT CLM CASA GloPEM
The Madingley Model Fire Models: PyroSim FDS-SMV
BREEZE FARSITE Hydrology Models: HYPROM
WaSiM HYDRUS tRIBS-ECO Ecological Models:
Environmental Models: MODISAzure NOAA's NEM EMIS
LandSHIFT HABITAT i-Tree IDRISI
Wildlife Models: Urban & City Models: RESILIENCE.IO LandSIM3D
ETEM LEAQ SEES IGSM
Integrated Assessment Models: CHIMP FUND GLOBIO
GISMO FAIR HYDE IMAGE
Agent Based Modelling MASON PHOENIX SRTM
AUDREY Disaster Risk Models PDEVS Structural Damage Models:
Arctic Regional Models: RASM Economic Models: WEFM
Conflict Models: NaReCo Policy Models: GPM
Energy Models: Solar Weather Models: CORSIKA CoREAS
DREAM3D LMMP Cosmological Models: CGRPH
AREPO BOLSHOI ENZO 2.0 WSA-Enlil
FIRE EAGLE FADO Instrument Signal Simulation Models:
COSP GADGET-2 CRTM SDSU
CFMIP-OBS PhAst FIBSEM Analysis Tools:
PYUNICORN CASCADE