Models

Mathematical models of the Earth System, the Solar System, and indeed the entire Cosmos are evolving rapidly, and are becoming more insighful, more accurate, and more complex as the fundamental natural processes are better understood. However, each model has its own strengths and weaknesses, depending on the choice of algorithms embedded therein, and the nature of the data necessary to initialize it. Models are often run 'backwards in time' to test their skill against historical records - that is, as a check of the models' accuracy to predict past scenarios. They are then ran 'forwards' to forecast future events. A discussion of various models and modeling issues is contained in the following material, sorted by category:

View details Models

Introductory items: Earth System Models (ESMs): iESM ESMF
CESM1.0 and CESM2.0 LOVECLIM E3SM COSMO
FGOALS2-s MIROC-ESM ACCESS EC-Earth
Regional Earth System Models (RESMs) Atmosphere~Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs): CMIP5 CMIP3
CMIP-6 CCM~CAM ECHAM5/MAECHAM5 MPI-OM
CM2M, CM2G and CM3 GloSea4 HadCM3 HadGEM3 Family
MIROC5 CCSM4.0 COAMPS Global Circulation Models (GCMs):
GEOS-5 MITgcm SAMIL CPT
FAMIL AEOLUS GNAM Regional Circulation Models (RCMs):
SHYFEM NRCMs RegCM4 LDMZ
DREAM PROTHEUS CanRCM4 EVENT
PRECIS CHRM REMO HRM
Atmosphere~Chemistry Models: SOCOL WACCM Atmosphere-Dispersion Models:
HAMMONIA WACCM4 TM CTIPe
RCP4.5 MAGICC/SCENGEN MOZART ACC2
Ocean Models: ECCO NEMO WSA-ENLIL
LIGHT MPAS-O HOPS CMIT
GFDL's MOM LANL's POP ICOM NCAR's COM
NLOM MICOM GFDL's HIM POM
UCLA's and Rutger's ROMS QUODDY (Dartmouth Uni) SEOM (Rutgers) OceanAdapt
FVCOM TOMS HYCOM HOPE
COCO LICOM 2.0 ACOM2 OSCURS
GOTM Wave Models: WAM SWAN
WAVEWATCH III TOMAWAC Tsunami Models: MOST
TUNA ComMIT Storm Surge Models: SELFE
COMT COMT CoSMoS Weather Models:
SLIDER EC-Earth ARPEGE PEARP
EUROSIP ARPS NCEP's NMM WRF
MM5 ADCIRC HRRR SLIMM
REMO ALADIN TAPOM FIM
DePreSys FV3 MPAS Turbulence & Wind Models:
OpenFOAM InVEST Hurricane-Typhoon- TC Models COAMPS-TC
Tornado Models Cloud Models: NICAM Precipitation Models:
SOGP STORM Flood Modelling SWMM5/PCSWMM
Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) NWM HAND GFPLAIN250
Lake Models: TC-3D-GLARM River Models Snow-Ice-Water Models:
CROCUS VESL PISM Avalanche Models
RAMMS Glacier, Iceberg & Ice Sheet Models GERM BISICLES
CISM ISSM Artic Sea-Ices Models Surface Loading Models:
REAR ISSM Earthquake Models: OpenGEM/OpenQUAKE
QuakeSim GeoFEST VC TEM
TPM SPECFEM3D ALLCAL ViscoSIM
SCEC Earthquake Simulator Comparison project RSQSim Volcanic Models Tectonic Plate Models
GPLATES Mantle Models: SIGMELTS IGMAS+
EGM2008 GOCE DEW PREM
ASPECT Core Models: Landscape Models: ISBA
SCOPE LitMod3D PFLOTRAN GDEM
LANDLAB TerrainWorks Land Surface Models: ORCHIDEE
Landslide Models: LHASA ReLWaM Soils & Weathering Models
WITCH Coastal / Estuary, River and Lake Models Delft3D RAPID
ASMITA MOSART Canopy Models: SAIL
PROSPECT MEND CLM CABLE
EcoPAD RSQsim GeoSAIL Soil Models:
KLUM Land Use & Land Cover Models: MAGPIE EU FASOM
MPT DRAINMOD-FOREST SALUS APSIM
GLOBIOM NOAH-MP INVEST TOPMODEL
ORCHIDEE BASEMENT CLM CASA
GloPEM The Madingley Model WildfFire Models: AGNI-NAR
PyroSim FDS-SMV BREEZE FARSITE
Hydrology Models: HYPROM WaSiM HYDRUS
tRIBS-ECO Ecological Models: EcH2O-iso Forest Models:
INSTAR Environmental Models: MODISAzure NOAA's NEM
EMIS LandSHIFT HABITAT i-Tree
IDRISI Biological Models Epidemic & Pandemic models GLEAM
Wildlife Models: Urban & City Models: RESILIENCE.IO LandSIM3D
ETEM LEAQ SEES IGSM
Farming Models: farmOS Disaster Risk Models PDEVS
SMART Wildfire Models Structural Damage Models: ISSM
Ice Sheet Models ISSM Arctic Regional Models: RASM
Energy System Models: Fusion energy models PICADOR FASTSim
Fracking Models: Economic Models: WEFM Conflict Models:
NaReCo Integrated Assessment Models: eSACP CHIMP
GLOBIO FUND GISMO FAIR
HYDE IMAGE Policy Models: GPM
En-ROADS Agent Based Models MASON PHOENIX
SRTM AUDREY Cosmological Models: Gaia Sky
Milky Way galaxy map CGRPH AREPO BOLSHOI
ENZO 2.0 WSA-Enlil FIRE EAGLE
FADO Cosmic Ray models PARMA/EXPACS CORSIKA
CoREAS Solar System Models PSG Moon Models
LMMP Mars General Circulation Models Space Weather Models Ionospheric Models
Instrument Signal Simulation Models: COSP GADGET-2 CRTM
SDSU CFMIP-OBS PhAst FIBSEM
Analysis Tools: PYUNICORN CASCADE DREAM3D