Origins of Life

A chemical clue to how life started on Earth

Were hot, humid summers the key to life's origins?

The Universe's first type of molecule is found at last

Shape shifting protocells hint at the mechanics of early life

Scientists identify protein that may have existed when life began

Pre-life building blocks spontaneously align in evolutionary experiment

Reserchers reveal hidden rules of genetics for how life on Earth began

EEarliest signs of life: scientists find microbial remains in ancient rocks

Scientists discover new chemistry that may help explain the origins of cellular life

Fossil discoveries challenge ideas about Earth's start

Researchers propose new way to look at the dawn of life 

A timescale for the origin and evolution of all of life on Earth

Water-air interfaces in rock pores helped spawn life on Earth

Scientists develop new method for studying early life in ancient rocks

Dwarf star 200 light-years away contains life's building blocks

Super salty, subzero Arctic water provides peek at possible life on other planets

Scientists develop new method to extract cyanide from meteorites, discover potential link to origins of life

The building blocks of DNA and RNA could have appeared together before life began on Earth

Electricity-driven undersea reactions may have been important for the emergence of life

Astronomers find star material could be building block of life

A grand new theory of life's evolution on Earth

Ammonium fertilized early life on Earth

Early life on Earth limited by enzyme

Meet the endoterrestrials

A break in the search for the origin of complex life

Earliest life may have arisen in ponds, not oceans

Why Earth's cracked crust may be essential for life

Microbes spotted on blades of ice high in the Andes

The slow-motion bacteria buried deep in the ocean's floor

Discovery in Yellowstone 'extremely relevant' to origin of life   

Newly discovered salty subglacial lakes could help search for life in solar system

What is life? It's a tricky, often confusing question    How did life on Earth begin?

Earliest life emerged in mildly acidic oceans

How did life learrn to breathe?    

The laws of life    Scientists resolve a 3.5 billion-year-old mystery of life 

Looking back 3.8 billion years into the root of the 'Tree  of Life'

Oldest evidence of life on land found in 3.48 billion-year-old Australian rocks

Microfossils of sulphur-metabolizing cells in 3.4-billion-year-old rocks of Western Australia

Life on Earth likely started at least 4.1 billion years ago - much earlier than scientists had thought 

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

Life may have thrived on Earth 3.2 billion years ago    Untangling life's origins

Kinetic analysis questions chemistry proposed for the origin of life 

Scientists discover 'legos of life'

Natural pH gradients in hydrothermal alkali vents were unlikely to have played a role in the origin of life

Biochemical fossil shows how life may have emerged without phosphate 

Nitrogen in ancient rocks a sign of early life    Earth's soils hosted life early on

A fertilizer dearth foiled animal evolution for eons

Evolution may have moved at a furious pace on a much warmer Earth

Study shows how early Earth kept warm enough to support life

Ancient rocks reveal hot spot of sulphur-breathing bacteria     

Portion of ancient Australian chert microstructures definitely pseudo-fossils      

Protein-like structures from the priordial soup    Missing links brewed in primordial puddles?    

Building blocks of life    Examining how terrestrial life's building blocks may have first formed 

Molecuar evolution: how the building blocks of life may form in space  

NASA-Funded Research Discovers Life Built With Toxic Chemical

Large bacterial population colonized land 2.75B years ago    Finding iron's role in life on early Earth

Without this gene, life might not have evolved beyond slime    The origins of abiotic species

How priordial life on Earth might have replicated itself    Aliens in our midst     

Unlocking the chemistry of life   How did Earth's primitive chemistry get started?

Sorting the wheat from the chaff    Origins of life? Biologists study offers new clues

Amino acid and phosphorous found in comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko

Life's building blocks form in replicated deep sea vents    Microbial mats offer clues to life on early Earth      

New evidence emerges on the origins of life on Earth    New study outlines 'water world' theory of life's origins

New synthesis method imitates the way molecules were formed at the dawn of life

Scientists find new evidence of key ingredient during dawn of life    The periodic table of proteins    

Bleach a possible key to life on Earth    Ancient minerals: which gave rise to life?    

Natural affinities - unrecognized until now - may have set stage for life to ignite    When life went global

Life's origin in a prebiotic fuel cell    Water and power: can electrical energy give rise to life?    

Power behind priordial soup discovered    Origin of life emerged from cell membrane bioenergetics

A single-celled organism capable of learning    

Bacteria perfected protein complexes more than 3.5 billion years ago

How and why single cell organisms evolved into multicellular life    How did multicellular life evolve?

Earth's first ecosystems were more complex than previously thought    Revolution averted

Study offers new theory for how life first emerged   

Discovery demystifies origin of life phenomenon 

What sparked the origin of life modeled by researchers  

Hydrothermal vents could explain chemical precursors to life

Scientists focus on mineral for clues to beginning of biological life on Earth

Study tests theory that life originated at deep sea vents    Labyrinths as crucibles of life

Molecules assemble in water, hint at origins of life    A single molecule in the building blocks of life

Mapping amino acids to understand life's origins    Enzyme that could explain the origins of life

Multicellular Life:

Researcher unearths ancient multicellular fossils

A break in the search for the origin of complex life

Complex life emerged on land much earlier than previously thought

Ocean toxicity hampered the rapid evolution of complex life    

Researchers discover missing link in the evolution of complex cells

New giant virus may help scientists better understand the emergence of complex life

New evidence of ancient multicellular life sets evolutionnary timeline back 60 million years        

Wealth of unsuspected new microbes expands tree of life    Eukaryotes: a new timetable of evolution

Earth's earlieast animals were strange sea-creatures

Evolution from water to land led to better parenting

How did life become complex, and could it happen beyond Earth?    Scientists unlock a 'microbial Pompei'

Modern microbial ecosystems provide window to early life on Earth

Clues to life on Mars may live in the mine-dwelling 'deveil worm'

The beautiful intelligence of bacteria and other microbes

Life's engines: how microbes made tthe Earth habitable

Parasites reveal how evolution has molded an ancient nuclear structure

Life from beyond Earth?

Geobiology: Evidence for early life on Earth and the search for life on other planets

Extraterrestrial life probably exists. So how do we find it? 

Rotating ring of complex organic molecules discovered around newborn star

Extraterrestrial ribose and other sugars in primitive meteorites

Telescope detects key feature of life outside our solar system

Universe's first life might have been born on carbon planet

Is earthly life premature from a cosmic perspective?

If life can make it here, it can make it anywhere

Earth and Mars could share a life history

Did life on Earth actually begin on Mars?

Impact glass on Mars may possess evidence of life 

Cosmic impacts might help synthesize organic compounds

Slow-moving rocks better odds that life crashed to Earth from space 

Insights into evolution of life on Earth from one of Saturn's moons

Young Sun-like star shows a magnetic field was critical for life on early Earth

Interstellar seeds could create oases of life    Meteorite impacts can create DNA building blocks

B3: the vitamin from outer space   Life on earth shockingly comes from out of this world    

Life's building blocks recreated under space-like conditions    Complex sugars cooked up from 'comet ice' 

'Alien Bugs' discovered in Earth's atmosphere    

Ancient supernovae buffeted Earth's biology with radiation dose    

Asteroid impacts could create niches for life    Did solar flares cook up life on Earth?

Space kombucha in the search for life and its origins    Life, but not as we know

Chemical sleuthig unravels possible path to the formation of life's building blocks in space 

Macro life forms:

Microbes set the stage for first animals    Before animals, evolution waited eons to inhale

How did life arrive on land? A billion-year old fungus may hold clues

Animals took first breaths after small oxygen blip in atmosphere

Migratory birds disperse seeds long distances    

Fossil of oldest known land-dweller identified    Discovered: the oldest fossils on Earth

Yes, computing genetic ancestors is super accurate

What if the story of life on Earth isn't what you think it is?

Exceptionally preserved Jurassic sea life found in new Canadian fossil site

New study shakes the roots of the dinosaur family tree

Mushroom rises from fungus buried in sea for 20 million years

Researchers unearth why deep oceans gave life to the first big, complex organisms

Inventive processes in Nature: from information origin in chemical evolution to technological exhaustion

New study sheds light on the rise of mammals - flowering plants, new teeth and no dinosaurs

Paleoanthropology and the evolution of humans:

Scientists have found the oldest known human fossils

Human ancestors were 'grounded', new analysis shows

Our ancestors evolved faster after the dinosaur extinction

Genetics spills secrets from Neanderthal's lost history 

No bones needed: ancient DNA in soil can tell if humans were around

High-tech analysis of proto-mammal fossil clarifies mammalian family tree

How chewing like a cow helped early mammals thrive

Primate evolution in the fast lane: mechanism discovered that creates 'clusters of mutations' that affect traits

5' gene regions reveals extraordinary conservation of novel non-coding sequences in a wide range of animals

Fossil analysis pushes back human split from other primates by 2 million years

Newfound footprints stir debate over our ancestor's sex lives

Researchers find human development first gear    New fossil pushes back Homo genus 400,000 years

New light on human evolution    Diet shaped human evolution    Mapping the 'dark matter' of human DN      

Sonic hedgehog gene provides evidence that our limbs may have evolved from sharks' gills

Acorn worm genome reveals gill origins of human pharynx Humans evolved by sharing technology and culture 

Human brains evolved to be more responsive to environmental, social and cultural influences

Investigating th ecase of human nose shape and climate adaptation

A map of 'switches' that shaped the evolution of the human brain

Large heads, narrow pelvises and difficult childbirth in humans

New analysis suggests body size increase did not play a role in the origins of Homo Genus

Fossil found in Israel suggests Homo sapiens left Africa 180,000 years ago

'Fourth strand' of European ancestry originated with hunter-gatherers isolated by Ice Age

A world map of Neanderthal and Devisovan ancestry in modern humans

Neanderthal DNA has subtle but significant impact on human traits

Impacts of Neanderthal-introgressed sequences on the landscape of human gene expression

The astonishing age of a Neanderthal cave construction site

Cadaver arms suggest human fists evolved for punching, too

Big toe's big bone holds evolutionary key

Ancient virus determines babies' sex

Research reveals new clues about how humans become tool users

Human genome was shaped by an evolutionary arms race with itself

Early modern humans and morphological variation in Southeast Asia 

How did aborigines get to Australia? DNA helps solve a mystery

Human DNA shows traces of 40 million-year battle for suvival between primate and pathogen 

This face changes the human story. But how?    Shouldering the burden of evolution    

Homo Naledi - a new limb to the Human Tree    

Homo Naledi: fossil trove adds a new limb to human family tree   

Finding our human ancestor Part 1   2    3

The astonishing vision and focus of Namibia's nomads

Out of Africa via Egypt    When modern Eurasia was born

100,000-year-old human skulls from east Asia reveal complex mix of trends in time, space

African genetic diversity provides novel insights into evolutionary history and local adaptations

Genomic tracks migration from lost empires to modern cities

We think we are the first advanced earthlings - but how do we really know?

Ancient DNA shows European wipe-out of early Americans

Bacterial resistance to copper in the making for thousands of years

Nearby supernova explosions may have affected human evolution

Agriculture linked to DNA changes in ancient Europe    A time-line of human impact on the planet

IUCN: A strategy of innovative approaches and recommendations to support human life in the next decade

Number of people living on Earth    Human mutation rate has slowed recently