Marine Life

Fish species in the ocean:

Census Maps

The Lunar sea 

Marine Life Census       

UN (Analysis Report) 

The ocean's senstive skin 

Baby fish 'steer by the sun'

Untold fish catches revealed

Fueling a deep-sea ecosystem

Fish in schools can take it easy

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

New tool to visualize marine life

The covert world of fish bioflouresence

Ocean life triggers ice formation in clouds 

Exploring ecological marine units (EMUs)

Warm blood makes opah an agile predator

Scientists peek into hidden sea worm's light 

Grand challenges in marine ecosytem ecology

Living cables explain enigmatic electric currents 

One scientist's quest to scan every species of fish

In the ocean, clever camouflage beats super sight

Complete skin regeneration system of fish unraveled

Fish populations revealed through seawater analysis

Observing life near the ocean's surface with satellites 

The overlooked commotion of particle motion in the ocean

A tiny swimmer generates rapid, far-reaching signals in water 

Tropical marine ecosystems most at threat from human impact

Global trends show seabird populations dropped 70% since 1950s

New study examines how ocean energy impacts life in the deep sea

From Darwin to the census of marine life: marine biology as big science

Solar powered sea slugs shed light on search for perpetual green energy

New study brings us one step closer to understanding how tidal clocks tick

Brain-wide mapping of neural activity controlling zebrafish exploratory locomotion 

'Maths' genes used by fish to count may help us treat human neurodevelopmental diseases       

Fish migration:

Epic ocean voyages of coral larvae revealed

Rapid, long-distance dispersal by pumice rafting

Migrating animals add new depth to how the ocean "breathes"

Ocean heat content reveals secrets of fish migration behaviors

Study confirms link between salmon migration and magnetic field

NASA, French space laser measures massive migration of ocean animals

Tracking sargassum's ocean path could help predict ocean inundation events

Fish and ocean oxygen:

How fish won the oxygen war 

Warmer, lower-oxygen oceans will shift marine habitats

New study sets oxygen-breathing limit for ocean's hardiest organisms

Scientists find evidence of microscopic life scavenging for oxygen deep in oceanic crust 

Ocean Micro-organisms:

Ocean bacteria get 'pumped up'

Big questions about tiny bacteria

Uncovering the secret world of the plastisphere 

Sea star wasting disease likely caused by virus

Iron-oxidising bacteria found on Mid-Atlantic Ridge 

Limits of microbial life in undersea volcanoes defined

Vast differences in polar ocean microbial  communities

Scientist discover nearly 200,000 kinds of ocean viruses 

Professor discovers how microbes survive at bare minimum 

Oceanic microbes behave in synchrony across ocean basins

Closer look at microorganisms provides insight on carbon cycling

Newly discovered bacterial partnership changes ocean chemistry

Proteomics method measures carbon uptake of marine microbes

Methane seeps of the deep sea: a bacteria feast for lithodid crabs

Genetic survey sheds light on ocean's lean, mean microbial machines

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Newly discovered marine viruses offer glimpse into untapped biodiversity

Octillions of microbes in the seas: ocean microbes show incredible genetic diversity

Bacteria in the world's oceans produce millions of tonnes of hydrocarbons each year


First atlas of oceanic plankton

Giant plankton gains long-due attention

Variations in phytoplankton community structure

Ocean phytoplankton declines in Northern Hemisphere 

Plankton network linked to ocean's biological carbon pump revealed

Ocean plankton sponge up nearly twice the carbon currently assumed

A glimpse into the future composition of marine phytoplankton communities

Rising water temperatures and acidification affect important plankton organism

Phytoplankton like it hot: warming boosts biodiversity and photosynthesis in phytoplankton

Laser-guided herds of sea monkeys show how zooplankton migrations may affect global ocean currents

Algae and slime:

Marine algae can sense the rainbow    

Algae to cope well in climate change

Ocean optics illuminates aquatic algae

Red tides not random, can be predicted

The challenges of forecating algae blooms

Microorganisms duke it out within algal blooms

Ocean slime spreading quickly across the Earth

Marine bacteria boost growth of tiny ocean algae

Why cryptophyte algae are really good at harvesting light

Genetic maps of ocean algae show bacteria-like flexibility

Turbulence causes swimming algae to congregate in dense patches

Seagrass and kelp:

Seagrasses can store as much carbon as forests 

NASA discovers unprecedented bloom of ocean plant life


Jellyfish 101 

Jellyfish gone wild!  

Illuminating gelatinous life in the deep sea

Extremely rare phantom jellyfish caught on camera

Massive outbreak of jellyfish could spell trouble for fisheries

Sea anenomes:

Hidden among sea anenomes: the first comprehensive phylogenic reconstruction of the Order Actiniaria reveals a novel group of hexacorals 


Grazing snails rule the waves

How seashells get their strength

Barnacles explain life at the extremes

Tiny marine shells reveal past patterns in ocean dynamics

Seashells for sale: a new souurce of sustaiable biomaterials

Giants of the ocean:

Sizing up giants uder the sea


In search of whales

Cetacean stranding

Southern Right whales

Western Gray whale report

Keeping whales safe in sound

Whales are ecosystem engineers

The hidden world of whale culture

Gulls feasting on whales? In Argentina, yes

Whales have conscious control of their heart rate

Salmon fishing clashes with endangered gray whales

Fossils reveal origins of filter feeding in baleen whales    

Listening for whales and fish in the northwest Atlantic Ocean   


Dolphins can identify their friends by taste, study shows for the first time  

Dolphins can remember each other after 20 years of separation

The endling: watching a species vanish in real time


The surprising ways sharks keep the ocean healthy

New genetic research shark, human proteins stunningly similar

Great white sharks may change their color to sneak up on prey

This deep-sea shark is one of the world's largest glowing animals

These sharks have evolved to walk on land - and they did it quickly

Mystery event caused shark populations to crash 19 million years ago

Megalodon is definitely extinct - and great white sharks may be to blame


True facts about the octopus     

Octopus feeding and mating

'mind-boggling' scrambled genome found in octopus and squid. It could explain their smarts


Make like a squid and transform    

Aciidifying oceans could spell trouble for squid

Marine food webs:

Life-limiting nutrients

Short circuit in the food web

Feast or famine on the abyssal plain

Ocean acidification may drive diatom decline

Algal mats may be a key to the Arctic food web 

Stirred not mixed: how seawater turbulence affects marine food webs

Arctic study shows key marine food web species at risk from increasing CO2

New 13-year study tracks impact of changing climate on key marine food source

Effects of ocean pollution on marine life:

Ocean fish acquire more mercury at depth

Some fish quickly adapt to lethal levels of pollution

A mile deep, ocean fish facing health impacts from human pollution

Protection of Marine Nursaries & Biodiversity:

Ocean oases: how islands support more sea-life

Global study reveals new hotspots of fish biodiversity

Marine reserves enhance resilience to climate change

Tiny grazers play key role in marine ecosystem health

Streamlining a common survival strategy in marine microbes

Integrated marine research for sustainable ocean development

Conserving marine diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction

The role of nearshore ecosystems as fish and shellfish nurseries 

Multiple ocean stresses threaten 'globally significant' marine extinction

Motion, commotion, and biophysical connections at deep ocean seamounts

Navy gains a competitive edge with research into biological ocean swarms

Marine biodiversity and biogeography - regional comparisons of global Issues

Submarine canyons: hotspots of deep-sea benthic abundance and biodiversity

Biogeography of deep-water chemosynthetic ecosystems - the ChEss collection

Two ocean studies look at microscopic diversity and activity across entire planet 

Tiny sea creaturs are heading for extinction, and could take local fisheries with them

Protecting marine biodiversity : international treaties, national systems of marine protected areas  

Larval transport and dispersion in the coastal ocean and consequences for population connectivity

Assessing impact of noise from offshore wind farm construction may help protect marine mammals

Conserving marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction: interaction with the law of the sea

Global synopsis of large marine ecosystems and the open ocean science and transboundary management

Ocean chemistry:

Deep ocean carbon sinks

The ocean's living carbon pumps

Proteomics reveals ocean's inner workings

The silicon cycle impacted by past ice sheets

Miigrating animals' pee affects ocean chemistry

Researchers study vast carbon residue of ocean life

Algae-killing viruses spur nutrient recycling in oceans

Flowing electrons help ocean microbes gulp methane

Study offers solution to Ice Age ocean chemistry puzzle

Small fish can play a big role in the coastal carbon cycle

Ice sheets of the last ice age seeded the ocean with silica

Could the humble sea urchin hold the key to carbon capture?

Manganese nodules as breeding ground for deep-sea octopuses

Climate change and marine life:

Acid trap

Sea life 'facing major shock' 

Profiting from climate change

Kelp forests under threat from acid seas

Weeds take over kelp in high CO2 oceans

Sealife faces risk of large-scale extinctions

Climate 'causing huge changes in ocean life

How small marine particles affect our climate

Reading ancient climate from plankton shells 

Ocean data shows 'climate dance' of plankton

Greenhouse gas likely altering ocean food chain

Global cooling as a significant as global warming

Tiny sea creatures hold secrets to Earth's climate

Ocean acidification weighs heavily upon marine algae

Tiny ocean organism has big role in climate regulation

Global investigation reveals true scale of ocean warming

Tiny phytoplankton have big influence on climate change

Small organisms could dramatically impact world's climate  

Genetic switch lets marine diatoms do less work at higher CO2 

Jurassic records warn of risk to marine life from global warming

Atom-by-atom growth chart for shells helps decode past climate

A war without end - with Earth's carbon cycle held in the balance

Ocean acidification may cause dramatic changes to phytoplankton

Rapid plankton growth in ocean seen as sign of carbon dioxide loading

Study shows iron from melting ice sheets may help buffer global warming

Suffering in the heat: the rise in marine heatwaves is harming ocean species

New research offers insight into marine life's ability to adapt to climate change

Carbon-sequestering ocean plants may cope with climate changes over the long run

Clear link found between warming climate and rise in ocean-borne bacteria illnesses

Marine nitrogen fixers mediate a low latitude pathway for atmospheric CO2 drawdown

Evolutionary issues:

The far-future ocean:  warm yet oxygen-rich

Study reveals patterns in globally important algae

Life in earth's priordial sea was starved for sulphate

Mass extinction led to many new species of bony fish

New gene catalog of ocean microbiome reveals surprises

Scientists reveal why life got big in the Earth's early oceans

How Jurassic plankton stole control of the ocean's chemistry

Dinosaur-era crab fossil reveals new branch in the tree of life

The end-Cretaceous extinction unleashed modern shark diversity

Oxygen-starved oceans held back life's recovery after the 'Great Dying'

A new theory emerges for where some fish became four-limbed creatures

Chalking up a marine blooming algae: genome fills a gap in the tree of life

Fossils help identify marine life that may be at high risk of extinction today

Ocean biology experienced dramatic evolutionary shift 170 million years ago

Blind cavefish offer evidence for alternative mechanism of evoluionary change

Coralline red algae have existed for 300 miilion years longer than previously presumed


Arctic Ocean:

Warm water is mixing up life in the Arctic

Billions of juvenile fish under the Arctic sea ice

Specialized life forms abound at Artic methane seeps

Marine carbon sinking rates confirm importance of polar oceans

Interactive effect of temperature and CO2 increase in Arctic phytoplankton

Atlantic Ocean:

Northeast Shelf record high SST

Atlantic invertebrates are going the wrong way

Coccolithophoro distributions of the North and South Atlantic Ocean

Study outlines threat of ocean acidification to coastal communities in the US

Shallow-water corals in Florida are not related to their deep-water counterpart

Mediterranean Sea:

Great white sharks in Mediterranean made 'wrong turn'

Conservation status of the marine fishes of the Mediterranean Sea

Baltic Sea:

Salt stratification determines the fate of fish stocks in the Baltic Sea

Comparing past variations, future projections of Baltic Sea ecosystem multi-model ensemble simulations

Pacific Ocean:

Sydney: fish only a mother could love

Researchers wire the kelp forests off California coasts

The ecological costs of removing California's offshore oil rigs

Sea change: oysters dying as US Pacific NW coast is hit hard

US West Coast study emphasizes challenges faced by marine organisms exposed to global change

Indian Ocean:

Project GLoBAL: India - West Indian Ocean

Twenty new freshwater fish species uncovered in the Kimberley

Urgent need to study the impacts of biomass burning and haze on marine ecosystems in SE Asia

Southern Ocean:

Marine plankton brighten clouds over Southern Ocean

Australia's vast kelp forests devastated by marine heatwave

Australia: Take a bite at the Bight - and its deep ocean ecosystem

Sustainable management of krill resources in the Southern Ocean

Major shift in marine life in the Southern Ocean occurred 33 million years later

New deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities in the Southern Ocean and implications for biogeography 


Underwater drones map ice algae in Antarctica

Life found in the sediments of an Antarctic subglacial lake for the first time