Culture, Anthropology, Archaeology, History & Language

Culture largely comprises of three domains: intellectual, artistc & religious; political, economic & social; and science, commerce & industry. It is the historic weighting of these domains that determines the 'culture' of each nation state.


Native Land


Catalogues of culture

Who was Confuscius?

Social inequality leaves a genetic mark

Time capsules: news that can last a million years

Ritual and the evolution of the divergent modes of cohesion

When time became regular and universal, it changed history

First signs: unlocking the mysteries of the world's oldest symbols

Latitude adjustment: distance from the equator shapes our thinking

Culture is a group's characteristic way of perceiving its environment 

Collapse of world cultures and civilisations:

1177 BC: The year civiization collapsed

Why did the Harappan civilization vanish?

The ethnosphere - dreams from endangered cultures

Drought, not war, felled some ancient Asian civilizations

Anthropologist Wade Davis on disappearing world cultures

Ancient DNA shows European wipe-out of early Americans

Location-based data raise ethical issues for cultural heritage

Satellite-based damage assessment of cultural heritage sites

Severe cyclones may have played a role in the Maya collapse

Cultures and disasters: understanding cultural framings in DRR

Aerial photographs uncover Bogota's indigenous hydraulic system

Are cultural heritage and resources threatened by climate change?

The Mayan indians: A great civilization brought low by climate change

Archaeologists discover mysterious Guatemalan monument in plain sight

Climate change likely caused migration, demise of ancient Indus Valley civilization

Scientists believe they may have discovered the disease that wiped out 80% of Aztecs

Widespread population decline in South America correlated with mid-Holocene climate change

The great dying of the indigenous peoples of the Americas caused global cooling in the 17th century

The construction of the pre-Hispanic agriculture landscape i the Columbian Andes: Sabana de Bogota


Language alters our experience of time

A Turkish origin for Indo-European languages

This language is only used when collecting nits in New Guinea

World's languages traced back to single African mother tongue

Indigenous Peoples:

Map of native lands

When whales and humans talk

Finding our human ancestor Part 1   2   3

Indigenous knowledges key to 'Healing Country'

Humans wore necklaces more than 120,00 years ago

Think everyone died young in ancient societies? Think again

More than a quarter of the globe is controlled by indigenous groups

The indigenous lands of North America and historical treaties - interactive map

Anthropology & Archaeology:

How do fossils form?

Complexity in big history

SESHAT: global history databank

536 AD - the worst year in history     

Mapping a world of human activity

The longetivity of human civilizations     

Cyber-archaeology at UC San Diego

Why 536 was 'theworst year to be alive'

What did people do before toilet paper?

A time-line of human impact on the planet 

The scientific sorcery of radiocarbon dating

Lasers are driving a revolution in archeology

World's oldest coin factory discovered in China

Dimensions of cultural differene and their effect

An historical database of sociocultural evolution

Rice or wheat? How grains define cultural identity

Humans evolved by sharing technology and culture

Applied geometry engraved on 3,700-year-old tablet

Saudi Arabia camel carvings dated to prehistoric era

45,500-year-old pig painting is the world's olkdest animal art

Genomic tracks migration from lost empires to modern cities

Research reveals new clues about how humans become tool users

Can there be a quantitative theory for the history of life and society?

Erasing history: ISIS, Balkans, US Civil War statues, and Saddam Hussein

We think we are the first advanced earthlings - but how do we really know?

Hidden temple in a buried Roman city discovered by ground-penetrating radar

Geometry guided construction of earliest known temple, built 6,000 years before Stonehenge

Crowdsourced archaeology shows how humans have influenced Earth for thousands of years

'Magicians of the Gods' - global flood - Younger-Dryas cataclysm - Clovis comet impact - prior civilization

Out of Africa:

The earliiest human ancestor revealed

Retracing our ancestor's global migration 

Homo Naledi - a new limb to the Human Tree

Human origins: leaving Africa, ancient humans

DNA reveals first look at enigmatic human relative

Out of Africa and into an archaic human melting pot

The astonishing vision and focus of Namibia's nomads

Fossil DNA reveals new twists in modern human origins

World's oldest camp bedding found in South African cave

Cold climate contributed to the extinction of the Neanderthals

Homo Naledi: fossil trove adds a new limb to human family tree 

700,000-year-old stone tools point to mysterious human relative

AI-powered genomic analysis reveals unknown human ancestor

Controversial new study pinpoints where all modern humans arose

These early humans lived 300,000 years ago - but had modern faces

Fossil found in Israel suggests Homo sapiens left Africa 180,000 years ago

Dispersals and genetic adaptation of Bantu-speaking populations in Africa and North America

African genetic diversity provides novel insights into evolutionary history and local adaptations

Into Egypt:

ScanPyramids 2017

Out of Africa via Egypt

Egypt unearths 7,000-year-old lost city

Pristine 4400-year-old tomb discovered in Egypt

Dive beneath the pyramids of Egypt's black pharaohs

Ancient DNA may reveal origin of the Bibical Philistines

How Egypt's ancient city of divine cats was rediscovered

8,000 years ago, 17 women reproduced for every one man

Egypt's pharaohs welcomed summer with this fabulous festival

Archeologists discover earliest monumental Egyptian hieroglyphs

Cosmic-ray particles reveal secret chamber in Egypt's Great Pyramid

Ancient mummy DNA reveals surprises about genetic origins of Egyptians

Discovery of ancient restoration using a rare mud carapace on a mumified individual New Kingdom Egypt  

Into the Middle East:

'Cyber-archeology' salvages lost Iraqui art

The original 'Assassins': medieva, warriors of Alamut

Is Saudi Arabia the next big heritage tourism destination?

Role of climate in the rise and fall of the Neo-Assyrian Empire

Rome brought pomp and prosperity to this ancient outpost of Jordan

Researchers decipher ancient Dead Sea Scrolls with the help of advanced imaging

DNA of 6,500-year-old human remains in Israeli cave points to origin of ancient Calcolithic culture

Into Europe:


The dental proteome of Homo Antecessor

Why do we know so little about the Druids?

Mary Rose shipwreck skulls go online in 3D

Lost Viking 'highway' revealed by melting ice

The first Europeans weren't who you might think

Agriculture linked to DNA changes in ancient Europe

An incredibly details map of Europe's population shifts

Mysterious 'ghost population' of ancient humans discovered

6,000 yars of arrows emerge from melting Norwegian ice patch

Thamugadi: the ancient Roman city buried by the Sahara sands

Enigmatic skull could be the oldest modern human outside Africa

Advanced plumbing and metalwork found on ancient Greek island

This stone age settlement took humanity's first steps towards city life

World's odest human DNA found in 800,000-year-old tooth of a cannibal

Julius Caeser came. He saw. He conquered. Here's how Rome celebrated

3-ton parts of Stonehenge may have been carried from earlier monuments

Emblems and spaces of power during the Argaric Bronze Age at La Almoloya, Murcia

'Fourth strand' of European ancestry originated with hunter-gatherers isolated by Ice Age

Eruption of Alaska's Okmok volcano linked to mysterious period of extreme cold in ancient Rome

Scientists find new evidence: early human moved through the Mediterranean much earlier than believed



Genetics spills secrets from Neanderthal's lost history

Ancient DNA reveals new twists in Neanderthal migration

The astonishing age of a Neanderthal cave construction site

Teeth reveal details about a Neanderthal who fell down a well 

All modern humans have Neanderthal DNA, new research finds

Neanderthal DNA has subtle but significant impact on human traits

Neanderthals and modern humans diverged at least 800.000 years ago

A world map of Neanderthal and Devisovan ancestry in modern humans

Impacts of Neanderthal-introgressed sequences on the landscape of human gene expression

New research finds surprising early replacement of Neanderthals by modern humans in Southern Spain

Into Central Asia:


When modern Eurasia was born

What happened 4,000 years ago in the Urals?

Heading North: late Pleistocene environments and human dispersals in Central and Eastern Asia

Into East and South Asia:

Stone tools age Asia's first Homo presence

New species of early human found in cave in the Philippines

Ancient DNA reveals prehistoric population of Southeast Asia

Early modern humans and morphological variation in Southeast Asia

100,000-year-old human skulls from East Asia reveal complex mix of trends in time, space

Sulawesi: world's oldest cave art: half-animal, half-human hybrids depicted on oldest discovered cave art

Archaeological evidence that late 14th-century tsunami devastated Northern Sumatra & redirected history 

Into Japan:

Kofuns: the ancient tombs kept under lock and key

An ethereal forest where Japanese commit suicide

Into Australia:

How did aborigines get to Australia? DNA helps solve a mystery

The forgotten story of Tupaia, the star navigator who helped James Cook reach Australia

Researchers have uncovered an ancient Aboriginal archaelogical site preserved on the seabed

Aborigonal artefacts on the continental shelf reveal ancient drowned cultural landscapes in NW Australia

Into the Americas:

Ancient Maya 101

The city at the center of the Cosmos

The astonishing Paracus (Peru) elongated skulls

Aztec moral philosophy: life on the slippery Earth

How whiete planters usurped Hawaii's last queen

Lidar uncovers thousands of new Maya structures

Evidence grows for the early peopling of the Americas

Rare underwater inca offering pulled from Lake Titicaca

Ancient mass child sacrifice in Peru may be world's largest

Archeologists discover a mystery at the bottom of Lake Huron

Nonlinearity and distance of ancient routes in the Aztec empire

15,000 year-old Idaho archaeology site now among America's oldest

Two ancient populations that diverged later reconverged in the Americas

Crash and rebound of indigineous populations in lowland South America

Laser techology discovers over 60,000 structures from Mayan civilization

'Astounding new finds' suggest ancient empire may be hiding in plain sight

Evidence of human occupation in Mexico around the last glacial maximum

Surprise cave discoveries may double the time people lived in the Americas

Thee new DNA studies are shaking up the history of humans in the Americas

Massive 3,000 year-old Mayan ceremonial complex discovered in 'plain sight'

Fossil footprints prove humans populated the Americas around 23,000 years ago

The context and meaning of an intact Inca underwater offering from Lake Titicaca

Surprise discoveries in Mexico cave may double time of peopling of the Americas 

New DNA evidence provides unprecedented insight into the mysterious Chaco culture

The current genomic landscape of western South America: Andes, Amazonia, and Pacific Coast 

The persistence of ancient Beothuk and Maritime Archaic mitochondrial DNA in modern Native Americans

Into Polynesia:

A short scan of Maori joureys to Antarctica

Native South Americans reached Polynesia early

Why ancient Pacific mariners were the NASA scientists of their day

Settlement of East Polynesia earlier, incremental, and and coincident with prolonged South Pacific drought

 Formation of the USA: 

The history of US territorial expansion

How a 'forgotten' 600-year-old tsunami changed history

400 years ago, enslaved Africans first arrived in Virginia

The unlikely story of the map that helped create the USA

Testing theories of American politics: elites, interest groups, average citizens