Weather Forecasting

History:

Send in the Weathermen    The dueling weathermen of the 1800s    The Science of Weather (RMS)

Carl-Gustaf Rossby: theorist, institution  builder, bon vivant    Inventing atmospheric science

Ten-years of weather history in 3 minutes    How weather affects marketing

Inside the weather wars that may threaten the daily forecast you depend on

How atmospheric sounding transformed weather prediction

Origin, impact and aftermath of WMO Resolution 40

Reanalysis & data rescue:  

Weather time machine

Copernicus C3S data rescue service 

Icebound: the climate-change secrets of 19th century ship's logs

Old weather 'time machine' opens a treasure trove for researchers

Unlocking pre-1850 instrumental meteorological records - a global inventory

Forecasting Methodologies: 

GPS  improves weather forecasting

The data science behind weather prediction

Weather visualization is powered by big data 

Transforming satellite data into weather forecasts

A year along the geostationary orbit of Himawari-8

'Nowcast' AI enables almost instant weather forecasts

Improving atmospheric forecasts with machine learning

Could your next phone call wreck our weather forecasts?

Great American Eclipse data may fine-tune weather forecasts

How modeling weather forecasts improves business decisions

Study highlights ways to boost weather and climate predictions

Forecasting the weather with big data and the fourth dimension

Radar better than weather-balloon for measuring boundary layer

Japan breakthrough could improve weather forecasts and save lives

Drop in aircraft observations could have impact on weather forecasts

Could machine learning replace the whole weather forecasting system?

For weather forecasting, precise observations matter more than butterflies

Decomposition of a new proper score for verification of ensemble forecasts

Focusing computational power for more accurate, efficient weather forecasts

A novel probabilistic forecast system predicting anomalously warm 2018-2022

NOAA launches new approach to accelerate innovation and new science in weather forecasting

Weather company using tiny satellites inks deals with NASA, European agencies to improve forecasts 

Tropical Meteorology:

Introduction to Tropical Meteorology

Scientiists explore roots of future tropical rainfall

Rising temperature differences between hemispheres could dramatically shift rainfall patterns in tropics

Polar Meteorology:

2020 Arctic summer seasonal  climate outlook along with a summary of 2020 Arctic winter season

Marine Meteorology:

JCOMM: History of the Joint Commisssion for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology 

Weather routing software for sailors

Predicting storms:

Hurricane coming? You'd bettter believe it this time

The Cry Wolf effect and weather-related decision making

Seeking greater accuracy in predicting storm intensity

Collaboration uses machine learning to predict storm damage

The storm that never was: why the weatherman is often wrong

Bad weather warnings most effective if probability included, new research suggests

Forecasting rainfall: 

HPC, weather prediction, and how you know it's going to rain

NASA study projects warming-driven changes in global rainfall   

K computer and high-tech radar come together to predict sudden torrential rains

Toward an object-based assessment of high-resolution forecasts of long-lived convective precipitation in central US

Atmospheric Rivers:

Atmospheric rivers caused the UK's worst floods   

Atmospheric river may submerge much of California

Forecasting hail storms:

Predicting severe hailstorms

Fine-tuning severe hail forecasting with machine learning

Researchers find pathway to give advanced notice for hailstorms

Forecsating extreme weather:

How AI can help handle severe weather

Global warming and extreme cold: how one leads to the other

Combining AI and Analog Forecasting to predict extreme weather

Mapped: how climate change affects extreme weather around the world

Analog forecasting of extreme-causing weather patterns using deep learning

Supercomputer and space-based laser to help predict extreme weather events

Researchers enlist three supercomputers to apply deep learning to extreme weather

Deep Learning at 15 Pflops enables training for extreme weather identification at scale

Extreme weather: a large scale climate dataset for semi-supervised detection, localization & understanding

Long-range forecasting:

Predicting Seasonal Weather

Bridging the weather-to-climate prediction gap

Ocean temps predict US heat waves 50 days ou

Weather and chaos: the work of Edward N. Lorentz

Decadal prediction skill in a  multi-model ensemble

Want weather forecasts more than 15 days away? Not possible, say researchers

Enhanced long-range forecast skill in boreal winter following stratospheric strong vortex conditions

Longer-term weather and environmental forecasts will provide enormous benefit - need more research

Forecasting weather to fight fires:

How forecasring models are changing the way we fight fires

Forecasting weather for aviation:

How 'subtle changes' to flight paths will save Qantas millions a year

Weather forecasting and climate change:

Local weather forecasyers have become the unsung heroes of the climate crisis

Regional:

North America:

NOAA's premier forecast model goes 4D

US cloud-based weather network launched

FV3: Finite Volume Cubed-Sphere dynamical core

NOAA upgrades the US global weather forecast model 

US weather alert systems must modernize, say new reports

Latest US weather satellite highlights forecasting challenges

US scientists improve quality of global weather satellite data 

The long-awaited upgrade to the US weather forecast model is here 

New supercomputer to extend NOAA's weather predictions by six days

Optimized Arctic observations for improving weather forecast in the Northern Sea Route (NSR)

Weather anomalies accelerate the melting of sea ice

Europe:

Europeans shine in weather forecasting

The history and commentary on the UK Met

COSMO: GPU-accelerated weather forecasting

SMOS joins forces with top weather forecasting system

UK Met Office research increases skill in predicting winter outlook

Europe's big weather supercomputer data center is about to leave UK

UK regionsl weather forecasts could be improved using jet stream data

EUMETSAT Aeolus sends first vertical wind profile to EU weather forecasters

European forecasters to simulate weather at 1km resolution on Summit supercomputer

Australia/NZ:

Rare weather phenomenon amassing in Southern Hemisphere - souther stratospheric warming (SSW)

SpaceX rocket to carry satellites that will improve Australia's weather forecasting

Australia: trends in the skill of weather prediction at lead times of 1 to 14 days

Australian BOMer retires after 49 'magnificent' years

Africa:

Building a value proposition for climate and weather services in Africa

Climate change intensifying African weather systems

Leading commercial forecast systems:

IBM's new global weather forecasting system GRAF runs on GPUs 

The Weather Company absorbs Deep Thunder to bolster modeling

GPUs. Power9, figure prominently in IBM's bet on weather forecasting

Accuweather's compute strategy takes forecasting to the cloud at scale

From insurers to traders to retailers, more industries depend on weather tracking

Panasonic Global 4D Weather: the world's most advanced global weather forecasting platform